V. DEFENSES F. Other Defenses - Maritime Lawyer Hawaii
   

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An important victory in the fight for individual rights (as opposed to insurer rights) is the case of Yukumoto and HMSA v. Tawahara. In that case on May 26, 2017, the Hawaii Supreme Court rejected the efforts of a health insurer who tried to convert its insurance coverage into a 'loan agreement' and recover its medical expense payments from Mr. Yukumoto when he had a 3rd party claim - in spite of the fact that he was not being fully compensated for his losses. This insidious insurance practice has been damaging the citizens and members of the Hawaii community for many years. For more info, see the decision here: Yukumoto and HMSA v. Tawahara, Hawaii Sup. Ct. No. SCAP-15-0000460 (May 26, 2017).



 

 

JONES ACT - TABLE OF CONTENTS

The Jones Act

V. DEFENSES F. Other Defenses

441. Common law defenses

Common law defenses to assault are available to employer in action under 46 USCS Appx § 688 for assault on plaintiff. Escandon v Pan American Foreign Corp. (1937, CA5 Tex) 88 F2d 276.


442. --Last clear chance

In action under 46 USCS Appx § 688 to recover for injuries sustained while employed as seaman on vessel, it was for jury to determine whether crew of ship involved in collision had last clear chance. Curtis Bay Towing Co. of Virginia, Inc. v Mansfield (1953, CA4 Va) 207 F2d 859.


443. Fraud

Defendant's contention that plaintiff committed "fraud" in failing to reveal prior injury and surgery, which vitiates his employment contract and destroys his claim under 46 USCS Appx § 688, was not available because dominant Congressional policy of compensating injured workers overrides alleged fraud in forming employment relationship. Compton v Luckenbach Overseas Corp. (1970, CA2 NY) 425 F2d 1130, 14 FR Serv 2d 165, cert den 400 US 916, 27 L Ed 2d 155, 91 S Ct 175.


444. Miscellaneous defenses

Jones Act seaman who is injured while performing seaman's work aboard ship owner's vessel, in which he is not crew member, cannot sue ship owner for unseaworthiness on same theory that longshoreman can sue nonemploying shipowner, but can sue for breach of duty. Smith v Harbor Towing & Fleeting, Inc. (1990, CA5 La) 910 F2d 312, reh den, en banc (CA5) 1990 US App LEXIS 18755.

Defense of independent contractor was not expressly abolished by 46 USCS Appx § 688, nor does language in § 688 impliedly have that effect as to incidental matters such as cleaning of oil tanks. Pietryzk v Dollar S.S. Lines, Ltd. (1939) 31 Cal App 2d 584, 88 P2d 783.

Even if defense of unavoidable accident is available in 46 USCS Appx § 688 cases predicated upon negligence, if evidence does not raise issue that something other than negligence of party to event caused injury, issue on unavoidable accident should not be submitted to jury. Continental Oil Co. v Lindley (1964, Tex Civ App Houston (1st Dist)) 382 SW2d 296, writ ref n r e.

Suit may not be brought against state or state universities in its own courts under 46 USCS Appx § 688 without its consent; waiver of immunity is matter for legislature to determine. Lyons v Texas A & M University (1976, Tex Civ App Houston (14th Dist)) 545 SW2d 56, writ ref n r e.

JONES ACT - TABLE OF CONTENTS


 

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Jones Act maritime law and seaman cases

STATUTE'S LANGUAGE

CASE LAW


I. IN GENERAL

A. General Principles

B. Other Remedies

1. Traditional Maritime
Remedies

2. Federal Law Remedies

3 Remedies by State Law

C. Foreign Involvement

1. In General

2. Place of Injury

3. Flag or Ownership
of Vessel

a. In General

b. Foreign Ownership

c. Foreign Vessels
with American Interests

4. Nationality of Seaman

5. Other Factors



II. PERSONS ABLE
TO RECOVER

A. Seamen

1. General Principles

a. In General

b. Status as Seaman

2. "Vessel in Navigation"

a. In General

b. Status of Vessel

c. Particular Vessels

3. Particular Seamen

B. Representatives of
Seamen



III. EMPLOYMENT

A. In General

B. Particular Entities
as Employers

C. In Course of
Employment



IV. NEGLIGENCE

A. In General

B. Vicarious Liability

1. In General

2 Particular Acts of Crew

C. Circumstances of
Injury

1. Assault

a. In General

b. Assaults Among Crew
& Officers

2. Improper Supervision

a. In General

b. Particular Acts

3. Medical Care

4. Particular Properties
of Vessel & Dock

5. Other Circumstances



V. DEFENSES

A. Seaman's Conduct

1. Comparative
Negligence

2. Assumption of Risk

3. Particular
Circumstances

B. Release

C. Limitations of Actions

1. Statutory Limitations

2. Laches

D. Collateral Estoppel
& Res Judicata

E. Limitation of Liability

F. Other Defenses



VI. DAMAGES

A. In General

B. Damages for Injury

1. Elements of Damages

2 Award Deductions

C. Wrongful Death

1. Elements of Damages

2. Computation of Award



VII. PRACTICE &
PROCEDURE

A. State Court Actions

B. Jurisdiction

1. In General

2. Bases of Jurisdiction

C. Venue

1. In General

2. Bases of Venue

3 Forum Non Conveniens

D. Election of Remedies

1. In General

2. Particular Remedies

E. Institution of Action

F. Pleadings and Motions

1. Complaint

2. Answer

3. Motions

G. Removal and Remand

H. Discovery

I. Jury

1. Right To Jury Trial

2. Submission of Issues

J. Evidence

1. In General

2. Plaintiff's Burden
of Proof

3. Defendant's Burden

4. Admissibility

K. Appeal and Review

L. Settlement

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